The International Code of Conduct for Private Security Providers’ Association (ICoCA) is a multi-stakeholder initiative established as a Swiss non-profit association. The main bodies of the ICoCA are: the General Assembly, the Board of Directors and the Secretariat operating under the Executive Director. All members – States, private security companies and civil society organizations (the three ‘pillars’) – form part of the General Assembly. Similarly, the Board of Directors consists of twelve elected members, which grant equal representation to each pillar. The Board of Directors is the executive decision-making body of the Association.
The ICoCA is guided by the principles of the Code of Conduct. These include a commitment to good governance, respect for human rights and international humanitarian law, and a high standard of professional conduct. Its operations are carried out globally, with integrity, impartiality and confidentiality. The ICoCA strives to ensure protection and provide remedy to victims of abuse by private security providers. The ICoCA endeavors to prevent excessive use of force; to prevent torture and other degrading treatments or punishments; to prevent sexual exploitation and abuse, and gender-based violence; to prevent human trafficking, slavery and forced labour; to protect the rights of children; and to prevent discrimination.
The work of the ICoCA is supported by the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).